## Experimental projections

General discussion of map projections.
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Experimental projections

This topic is for custom-made projections. Experiment and create new projections! Who knows, maybe your projections will have smallest distortion!
This projection is Sinusoidal mixed with Tobler's World In A Square (can be made by stretching Smyth by 2 vertically), then after the mix, it's stretched horizontally by 1.22222222.

If any area distortion, then close to poles.
daan
Posts: 943
Joined: Sat Mar 28, 2009 11:17 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

You can see the distortion for your custom projection in Geocart. Choosing to see the areal distortion specifically will tell you how much your blend deviates from equal-area.

I was not able to replicate your projection with the instructions you gave. I got something similar, but distinctly different.

— daan
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

What I actually did is stretch horizontally by 1.1 and vertically by 0.9. Smyth is stretched horizontally by sqrt(0.5) and vertically by sqrt(2).
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

Extreme Cylindrical projection is a projection that has accurate shapes for low-mid latitudes and gives up shapes for sizes at high latitudes. I made this projection because Antarctica in Cylindrical Equal-Area looks nice to me for some reason.
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

Point-pole Winkel Tripel

This is generated by averaging Aitoff and loximuthal (loximuthal standard parallel is 0, and loximuthal horizontal factor is 0.70710678 (square root of 0.5)). I chose loximuthal because it's a nice point-pole pseudocylindrical projection that bends sharply at outer meridians and has equally spaced parallels making it more similar to equirectangular than say, Mollweide is and this configuration because North/South symmetry makes sense (therefore 0 standard parallel) and just like you can shrink equirectangular horizontally for higher standard parallels, a similar effect can be done in loximuthal (therefore the horizontal shrink). The square root of 0.5 factor is just a number that I arbitrarily chosen; it appears to work well (as in very similar to original Winkel Tripel) because the standard parallel for equirectangular in Winkel Tripel is about 50.47°, this factor on equirectangular corresponds to 45° standard parallel and the narrower higher latitudes tend to make "real standard parallel" larger on loximuthal than in equirectangular.

Top: Political
Bottom: Tissot indicatrix
Left: Winkel Tripel
Right: Point-pole Winkel Tripel

daan
Posts: 943
Joined: Sat Mar 28, 2009 11:17 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

That’s pretty good for an oval-ish projection. The regions in the high latitudes, outer meridians, are worse than Winke tripel, but not horribly worse. The rest of the map is quite similar, and even better at the highest latitudes toward the middle.

— daan
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

Which is about what you would expect from a point-pole projection. If you have any experimental projections, you can post them here.
Piotr
Posts: 313
Joined: Thu Mar 23, 2017 12:27 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

Rounded Mercator

Consists of 2 parts — Mercator (0 to 45) and edited azimuthal equidistant (45 to 90). Edited azimuthal equidistant is generated by doubling latitudes from the pole included, multiplying the map vertically by 0.70710678 and taking the north/south half of the east/west hemisphere.
daan
Posts: 943
Joined: Sat Mar 28, 2009 11:17 pm

### Re: Experimental projections

That’s an interesting presentation.

As a variation, maybe consider setting 11° as the central meridian, and then interrupting asymmetrically at 12°W.

— daan
Atarimaster
Posts: 424
Joined: Fri Nov 07, 2014 2:43 am

### Re: Experimental projections

Piotr wrote:This topic is for custom-made projections. Experiment and create new projections! Who knows, maybe your projections will have smallest distortion!
In this experiment, I didn’t care about distortions, I was just curious to see the result of blending two certain projections.
Well, it looks… interesting.
Probably something you’d use only for purely decorative maps. However, the distortions on most landmasses aren’t even that bad after all (with a few exceptions). So, which projections were blended here? – I’m not telling that now. I think one of them isn’t that hard to guess, and the other one… well, probably not hard to guess either in case you remember from my previous postings which projections I like a lot…

So, here it is:
The blended projection
physical.jpg (216.54 KiB) Viewed 2075 times
Angular distortion
angular.png (25.75 KiB) Viewed 9571 times
Areal distortion
areal.png (29.21 KiB) Viewed 9571 times